Activity

A type of action the participant performs while participating in your research study. Examples include responding surveys, completing a cognitive task, or filling in a time use diary.

Background App

Refers to a state of the Ethica app for Android or iOS, when it's not seen on the phone's screen, but it is operational behind the scenes, collecting sensor data. This is the opposite to the Foreground App state.

Blocked Session

Ethica app can only have one active session for a given activity at any given time. For example, assume a given study contains a survey for health check that is prompted to participants once a day. Before the session for a given day is prompted, the session for the previous day should be concluded. If the session for the previous day is still active awaiting participant's response, the new session will be marked as Blocked Session.

Canceled Session

If a participant explicitly indicates they do not want to continue responding to a given session from a given activity, the session will be marked as Canceled Session.

Any responses provided up to the cancelation time will be uploaded and will be available in your study.

Closed Study

A state of a study, in which no new participant can join the study. In this state, currently enrolled participants can still continue their participation without any interruption.

Cognitive Task

A type of activity where the participant is asked to perform a particular cognitive task. Similar to surveys, cognitive tasks can be presented once or multiple times to each participant.

Completed Session

A session that is completed by the participant. For example, in the case of survey activities, a survey session is completed when the participant responds to all presented questions and presses the Submit button.

The content of the informed consent. This is presented to each participant prior to joining the study, and the participant must agree to them before they can be enrolled in the study. Participant can always access this within the Ethica app.

Criteria

A conditional expression, or a formula, which instructs Ethica whether an action has to happen or not. If a given component in your study contains a criteria, every time Ethica wants to execute that component, it first evaluates the criteria, and only proceeds with the execution if the criteria is True.

Data Source

A type of data that is automatically collected from participants without their involvement. Examples include sensor-based data such as accelerometer for motion, location via GPS, or heartrate via wearables. It also can include digital footprint such as screen-time or app usage.

Device

A device that is used by a participant to participate in a study. It can be an Android phone or tablet, an iOS phone or tablet, or a web browser. Each device is uniquely identified via a device ID.

Device Operation %

The percentage of the time that the Ethica app was running, in the foreground or in the background, collecting sensor data.

Draft Changes

Draft changes are the changes that are not published yet, and therefore cannot be viewed by the participants. Participants always only have access to the latest published version of a survey activity.

Dropout Triggering Logic

A triggering logic that instructs the survey activity to be prompted immediately after the participant decides to withdraw from the study, and before the withdrawal is completed. Only survey activities can be prompted during dropout.

Eligibility Screening Triggering Logic

A triggering logic that instructs the survey activity to be prompted immediately after the participant decides to join the study. The triggering logic uses a criteria to decide whether the participant should be included in the study or not. Only survey activities can be prompted via this triggering logic.

Enrollment Status

The status of the study regarding participant enrollment. A study can be either public, closed, or invitation-only.

Expired Session

If a participant does not complete the session within the allocated time window, the session will be marked as Expired Session. Any responses provided up to the expiration time will be uploaded and will be available in your study.

Expiry Duration

The duration that is given to the participant to complete a session, before it's marked as Expired Session.

Foreground App

Refers to a state of the Ethica app for Android or iOS, when it's shown on the phone's screen and the participant is interacting with it. . This is the opposite to the Background App state.

Invitation-Only Study

A state of a study, in which participants can only join the study if they are invited to the study by the researcher. The invitations are based on the email address that is been invited and the email address of the prospective participant.

Notification

A notification that is sent to a given participant or researcher. A notification is created from a template. When a given event occurs for which a notification template is defined, Ethica creates notification based on that template, fills all placeholders (e.g. with name of the recipient), and send the notification through the specified mediums. The sent notification will be saved for the reference.

Notification Medium

A medium through which a notification can be delivered to the intended participant or researcher. Ethica supports email, SMS (test messages), and in-app notifications.

Notification Template

A template for a notification, that specifies the recipient of the notification, the criteria under which the notification should be prompted, and the mediums through which the notification should be sent, and the content of the notification. The content in a notification template is defined separately for each medium, and can contain placeholders.

Participant

Participants, or respondents, are individuals who have consented to join your study, perform the tasks you have asked them to do while they are part of the study, and provide the data your study collects throughout the participation period. Participants can use the Ethica app on their Android, iPhone, or browser to participate in a study, but they cannot access the researcher dashboard, make changes to the study configuration, or see the data from other participants.

Participant Audit Logs

The logs recorded by Ethica app from participant's interaction with the study, the events ocurred throughout the participation, and the changes made to the participant.

Participation Duration

The number of days that participant will be part of the study.

Participation Period

The period, comprising of an start and an end time, when the participant will be part of the study.

Proximity Triggering Logic

A triggering logic which prompts a given activity when Ethica app detects the proximity between the participant and another physical object, e.g. another participant, or a certain location, or a bike. Such detection happens using Bluetooth Beacon data, therefore this triggering logic can be used only if the study contains the Bluetooth Beacon data source.

Public Study

A state of a study, in which anyone can only join the study, whether they hold an invitation or not.

Registration Code

The code participants should enter to find your study within Ethica and enrol in it. Participants can enrol in your study through different ways, such as using a URL, a QR code, or by directly entering the study's registration code.

Researcher

Researchers are study staff members who have access to the study settings and participants' data through the Researcher Dashboard. They can design the study, configure different components in Ethica, screen and enroll participants, monitor adherence, and analyze study data. Researchers cannot participate in any study as a participant. They also cannot login to the Ethica app as the app is intended for the participants only.

Researcher Triggered Session

A session that is triggered by the researcher and sent to the participant's device to be completed. This is often a one-off sessions created and sent to the participant.

Session

When an activity is triggered to a participant, Ethica will create a Session for it. This session will hold the information about the triggered activity, including the metadata and the responses provided by the participant. For example, every time a survey is completed by a participant, the data is stored as a survey session. Similarly, every time a particular cognitive task is completed by a participant, the data is stored as a cognitive task session

Study

The main building block of a research study within Ethica. Each Study represents a research project. It defines the study protocol, enrollment strategy, surveys, cognitive tasks, data collection scheme, and other settings. It also contains all data coming in from the participants of that study. Studies are an independent component within Ethica, and they cannot share data with other studies, even if they both are created by the same researcher.

Study ID

A unique identifier for the study within Ethica platform. Participants can find and join the study by entering the ID of the study.

Study URL

The URL participants can use to enrol in the study.

Survey

A type of activity where the participant is asked to respond to a questionnaire. Similar to cognitive tasks, a given survey can be presented once or multiple times to each participant. Each time a survey is presented to the participant, the associated metadata and responses are stored in a survey session.

Time Triggering Logic

A triggering logic in which a specific time-table specifies when the activity should be prompted to the participant. A Time Triggering Logic always contains an initial time. This is the time when the activity is prompted for the first time to the participant. It may also have a repeating schedule, which if set, the activity will be prompted multiple times based on the repetition schedule.

Triggering Logic

A logic that specifies when a given activity should be prompted to the participant. This can be based on time, user's actions, or sensors data.

User ID

The unique ID of the user in Ethica. Each user, either Researcher or Participant, has a unique ID in Ethica. This ID allows us to refer to this user across the system and is called User ID.

Often in the documentation the term Participant ID is used to refer to the User ID of a participant, and Researcher ID is used to refer to the User ID of a researcher.

User Triggering Logic

A triggering logic which instructs Ethica to give the option to participants to start an activity any time they want, and as many times as they want. This means Ethica will add a button to the participant's homepage of the app, and participants can launch the activity via that button at any time.